Understanding SIGINT and its Applications

communication pillar

Technological advancements and intelligence have revolutionized the workings of modern military and other intelligence organizations. Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) has contributed immensely to these progressive developments. In this article, we’ll discuss how SIGINT works for various organizations.

SIGINT Demystified

SIGINT entails the interception of signals in a bid to gather intelligence. Each intelligence agency that deploys SIGINT needs a signal decoder. Here are the three SIGINT categories;

Communications Intelligence (COMINT)

This is all about the interception of communication between people, agencies, or groups.

Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)

signalsWhile electronic signals are used for communications, some are not. Electronic intelligence is mainly used those electronic signals that aren’t used for communication purposes.

Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT)

Organizations that develop various weapons need to test them. FISINT focuses on intercepting electronic emissions from such tests.

History of SIGNIT

SIGNIT isn’t a recent phenomenon. It’s been there since the First World War. As the wars were being fought, the British had SIGINT systems in place, which helped to intercepts signals coming from German radios. This is how cryptography, which is a technique of hiding the contents of transmissions from radios, was born. For this reason, cryptanalysis was integrated into SIGINT.
AS of today, strong world militaries deploy unmanned aerial vehicles to gather and decode signals. An excellent example of these UAVs includes Reaper Drones and Global Hawks. These are powerful gadgets with built-in cameras and red infrared sensors.
Modern SIGINT has made massive strides. For instance, the NSA can intercept data such as text messages, emails, phone calls, and so on. What’s more, these can be done in real-time.
Intelligence officers have to interpret this information and use it to make strategic decisions.

Applications of SIGINT

SIGINT has many uses, including monitoring and intercepting communications signals from suspicious people, groups, or agencies. Such information is important in stopping criminal activities. Mostly, this is for warfare or investigations.
Also, SIGINT plays an integral in deciphering encrypted signals. Agencies rely on cryptanalysis to understand what one group or individual is saying to the other in encrypted messages. Analysts undergo rigorous training to read such communications and uncover the message conveyed. They require various advanced equipment to get their jobs done.

Usually, analysts in the military will study multiple types of data to identify what kind of radar is sending a particular signal. They can then look at the countries using a radar that sends such signals.SIGINT is mainly used in intelligent related matters mostly. More so, it is necessary for electronic warfare.…

Common Questions About Inflatable Boats

yellow inflatable boat

Inflatable boats are relatively new. As a result of this, most people have concerns or questions about using them. Fortunately, we are going to provide detailed answers to some of the frequently asked questions.

Are Inflatable Boats Safe?

boatingThis is a question asked by people who are concerned about the safety of inflatable boats because they puncture on sharp items. The truth is that inflatable boats are safe just like their traditional counterparts and, in some instances, they are safer. You should note that inflatable boats are practically unsinkable. For instance, the tubes are separate chambers. Thus, if one is punctured accidentally and deflates, the boat will remain buoyant thanks to the remaining tubes.

Also, inflatable boats have a lot of buoyancy. This is attributed to their oversized inflatable tubes, which are buoyant on water and hard to capsize because of their low center of gravity. Unlike the rowboat, which can tip over easily when a person tries to re-board from water, you will not have trouble climbing into your inflatable boat.

Do you know that the military and other emergency personnel use inflatable boats? Even though it is safer than the rowboat, it is advisable to keep it in the right condition and store it in the right place.

How Long Do Inflatable Boats Last?

girl paddling an inflatable boatThe expected lifespan of an inflatable boat is about 12 years. Some boats can last longer than 12 years. PVC boats that are used in the tropics and are not well-maintained could be beyond repair in less than 5 years. For glued PVC or Hypalon boats, the age of the glue ought to be taken into account. For instance, the glue that is over 10 years of age has a high risk of failure. The higher quality boats are likely to use better glue that lasts longer.

Welded PVC boats are likely to have problems because of poor welding seams. Thus, radio frequency or heat welded boats that are over 5 years can cause problems. Most of these boats were made in the 1990s when the welding process had not advanced.

Are Inflatable Boats Good for Fishing?

One of the primary reasons people purchase inflatable boats is fishing. However, no particular model is designed for fishing only. Therefore, there are different factors to consider such as the location, your experience level, budget, and type of fishing. Thus, you should always think of these factors when buying an inflatable boat for fishing.…